The HIFI instrument (Heterodyne Instrument for Far-Infrared) was developed at the Netherlands Institute for Space Research (SRON) in Groningen, by a consortium led by SRON’s Th. de Graauw. The instrument performs very high-resolution spectroscopy and comprises:
- 7 heterodyne receivers with a angular resolution of 11 to 45°:
- 5 bipolar SAS mixers operating on a 480-1250 GHz frequency band
- 2 unipolar HED mixers operating on a 1410-1910 GHz band
- An Acousto-Optical Spectrometer (AOS)
LERMA/IRAM took part in developing the HIFI instrument by delivering the band 1 MSA (Mixer Sub-Assembly).
The CESR (now IRAP) contributed by developing the High Resolution Spectrometer (HRS). Here are its primary functions for high-resolution spectral analysis:
- conditioning the signal’s frequency and strength (using the IF Module),
- digitising the signal and calculating its auto-correlation function (using the ACS module),
- and transmitting the data to the SL (using the DC/DC converter).
The Bordeaux Observatory delivered the HRS’s IF Module.